Turkish Commonwealth

From Austrian Partition

The Turkish Commonwealth, originally created as the Ottoman Commonwealth, is a economic cooperation, political and self-defense treaty signed between Turkey and some former states that once were part of the Ottoman Empire.

The Ottoman Commonwealth was created in 1876 as a mechanism to grant the independence of Serbia, in order to ensure Serbia would not become an enemy of the Empire. It include protection to established ethnic and religious minorities within Serbia, Serbia mandated neutrality if the Empire was attacked by a foreign power, and Ottoman compromise to defend Serbia if attacked.

In 1877 a similar clause was granted to Montenegro and Romania. That same year the Principality of Bulgaria was created by promising a future independence under Commonwealth status.

Ottoman Commonwealth (1910)

Turkish Commonwealth (1920)

The dissolution of the Empire by Turk nationalists in 1915 led them to redefine the Commonwealth Treaties. Also, Ottoman territories that were not Turkish enough, were phased for independence within the Commonwealth. In the mean time, those autonomic states were given equal voice inside commonwealth institutions.

Turkish Commonwealth (1945)

After the independence of the autonomic states.

Turkish Commonwealth (1960)

Given the alignment between the Council's Republics and the Free Alliance, several members of the Commonwealth step aside.